Risk Factors: Latinas
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Hispanic/Latina women, with an estimated 24,000 cases expected to be diagnosed in 2018. The breast cancer incidence rate increased in Hispanic women from 2006 to 2015 (0.4% annually) while remaining stable in non-Hispanic whites, but remain 29% lower in Hispanics.
Within the Hispanic population, studies have shown that the risk of breast cancer is even lower in those who are foreign-born. This pattern is largely attributed to a higher prevalence of reproductive factors associated with reduced breast cancer risk among Hispanics, including younger age at first birth, higher parity, and less use of menopausal hormone therapy. Hispanic women were more likely than non-Hispanic whites to initiate breastfeeding, which also reduces risk, although contemporary patterns are similar.
Lower mammography screening prevalence in Hispanics may also contribute to lower breast cancer incidence rates because of less detection of asymptomatic lesions in unscreened women.
Talk with your doctor or healthcare provider about your personal risk factors, family history, and screening, including when you should get mammograms.